When you are planning to do shoot outside or wish to take a camera along with you for a trek through a forest, you need a camera that will sustain rough handling without undergoing permanent damage. Rugged cameras are what you need in such a situation. There are cameras that are built in exposure to harsh weather and can sustain wet conditions as well. There are cameras that are sold in the category of rugged technology that is shock proof, dust proof, crush proof, waterproof and freeze proof. The options waterproof and you need to decide what you need. With so many features available you need to plan your purchase as per your specific photography requirements, personal preferences, budget as well as photo quality you desire.
Manufacturers who make rugged cameras usually specialize as per the area or category for which they are used for. If you are not traveling to cold climatic conditions you need not invest in a freeze proof outdoor camera. If you wish to go for beach trips, scuba diving, ski trips, mountain climbing, hiking, jungle safaris, and desert expeditions or photograph sports events, you will want a camera that can handle diverse weather conditions and rough handling. Depending on the kind of excursions you take and professional or recreational photography you pursue, you can plan for your purchase accordingly.
The camera you invest in, which depend on how you plan to use it. You might simply want to catch mementos of the trips that you embark upon, or you might be a professional photographer. Depending on the quality of images and features you need to plan the megapixel camera that you need to invest in. For clearer shots the minimum capability of a camera should be 12 MP while for personal moments to be captured a 10 MP camera is sufficient. There are other features that you can look for when investing in a digital rugged camera.
The other features that you can look into a rugged camera can be varied. For instance, can a camera, take shots in seconds for capturing action moments? You might also want a camera with video capabilities. Nowadays, most modern cameras have Wi-Fi and other sharing capabilities as well. You might also look into physical characteristics such as how heavy or light is a camera and so forth. When you are planning to walk for miles carrying a camera in your hand, you would want a camera that does not weigh on you considerably.
For such reasons, you could start by going through the different camera models that are usually showcased online. While it is easy to make a purchase online as well, you might want to visit a nearby store to see how a camera works, the handling effect of the same and so forth. Once you determine such qualities you will be confident of making a purchase. Nowadays there are convenient installment payment options offered by most camera manufacturers.
When you are planning to take professional shots on your camera, whether it is a manual or digital one, you need to have the right exposure settings on it. The exposure of a camera depends on the shutter speed and aperture. You need to understand these features correctly and how to use them in order to set the proper exposure. That will help you not having to depend on automatic settings.
Usually, the automatic exposure setting will give you a clear picture even in varying weather conditions and lighting. Usually, an automatic setting is a mid-level exposure that allows most pictures to come clear in bright to medium light conditions. However, if the vivid colors or lights are low crisp images would not come through. This is something you need to take care of when you wish to have professional images.
Proper exposure is not hard to understand. Understand the camera’s aperture you have and how wide the lens would open if and when you snap a photo. That, in turn, will affect depth of field as well as the light that reaches the light or film sensor.
Apertures are usually determined by F stops on a camera. The settings allow the lens to open wide or stay narrow. The general rule of thumb that is followed is that, the lower the F-stop number, the more exposure allowed in. This is a requirement when the general shooting conditions are in low light. This helps prevent underexposure of your images. When you have bright lighting conditions you can choose a higher F-stop number, which limits the light that passes through and prevents the images taken to be overexposed.
Besides the aperture setting, the shutter speed would also affect exposure on a camera. For instance, the slower the speed of the shutter, the more light that is allowed in. Shutter speeds are fractions of seconds when the shutter remains open. This can be 1/100th or 1/30th. If lighting conditions are poor, the shutter speed needs to be slower while in bright lights the time can be short. The perfect balance of shutter speed and aperture is tricky. As the lighting conditions can differ, you need to experiment with the exposure settings accordingly. With a digital camera, it becomes easy to test with different settings and see the differences in the different images taken. With experience and experimentation, you are sure to come up with the right combination that leads to professional images being clicked. My friend who owns Rid-Of-It Vancouver is a master at getting the right combination and always takes great photos for his business.
The digital camera has become the mainstay of photography technology since the 21st century has started. It not only saves on film and the cost of developing it, images can be edited, stored and printed or shared with the help of digital camera technology. The process of choosing a digital camera can prove difficult as there are several features and budget considerations that come in. Hence, what you expect out of a camera and your personal budget constraints should feature here.
The inexpensive digital cameras cost in the range of $100 to $200 US dollars, but the image quality, as well as other advanced features, might not be great or present on such models. If you are looking to invest in a professional camera be ready to shell out about $600 or more, some even going up to $6000 USD. Hence, your budget and requirement would determine how much you wish to invest. The returns you get from professional photography, as well as features or options that are a must for you, would help you to zero in on your choices.
The other major consideration is how you will use the camera. For instance, if you wish to travel and take outdoor photographs, you need to invest in a weather-resistant camera that will be able to handle varying light conditions. Nowadays, most digital cameras have video recording capabilities. You might also have certain requirements in the resolution of the videos you shoot or the features that are offered on the device. Customizable features of a camera also make it a better investment. Hence, if a digital camera has upgradable software or can have new lenses added to it, parts that can be added or moved out will make it a more versatile choice for professional photographers.
Many beginning photographers do not understand the basics of white balance. It can have a huge impact on your photography, though, so it is worth your time to learn more about it.
The main reason you want to adjust your white balance in your camera is so you can get the colors within your photos to be as accurate as possible. Why is this important? Well, many times when you look at your photos after taking them, you will notice that the photos have a yellow, blue, or orange tint, even though the scene looked normal to your naked eye. This is because different sources of light the image captured have a different temperature or color to them. If you take your photos where there is tungsten light, such as incandescent light or bulbs, your photos will have a yellow tint. Your photos will have a bluish tint when they are taken in florescent lighting.
The range of temperatures you can get go from the warm light of a candle to the coolness of a light blue sky. Our eyes adjust automatically to the temperature of the light, so we don’t generally notice it with her naked eye. This means that unless the lights temperature is extreme, a white cloth will look white to us. A digital camera cannot automatically make the adjustments needed, so we must tell it how to treat the different temperatures of light. When the light is warm, you need to tell it to cool down the temperature. When the light is cooler, you need to tell the camera to warm up the temperature.
To figure out how to adjust the white balance on your camera, you will need to read through your camera’s manual. It will give you the specifics you need on how to make the changes necessary. Better yet, you can search for your camera online to find information from other users to help you figure this out.
It seems these days is so many photographers are against using flash in their digital photography. They would rather use a high ISO than use the flash. Flash can blow out a shot at times with its harsh light, but there are times when you have to use a flash and, when it is used correctly, it really makes the shot. I personally prefer to use a flash that is off-camera, but there are times when the camera you use does not allow for that option. When that is the case, there are a few tips to help you still get a good shot.
- Get close to your subject: the power of the flash is its main limitation. The external flashes typically have their own power source, a built-in flash shares power with the rest of the camera. Because of this, you have to get close enough to the subject for the flash to do its job. If you are, for some reason, unable to get close to your subject, turn your flash off and bump up your ISO.
- Use a slow sync flash: a built-in flash can give results that are harsh by overwhelming the other sources of ambient light. This is in part because the flash hits the subject directly rather than indirectly. You can use a slow sync flash to help get around this. To do this, you use a slow shutter speed and fire the flash with an open shutter.
- Diffuse your flash: some photographers have been known to make their own diffusers for their flash. One way this is done is through using semi-opaque adhesive tape on the flash. This diffuses the light that goes through the flash. Other photographers use a white index card to diffuse the flash by putting it in front of the flash so it bounces the light up or sideways. You may have to compensate your exposure by increasing it a stopper to since your camera will not automatically know that you are reducing the power of the flash.
- Use a fill-in flash: your flash should not only be used when it’s dark. When you shoot outdoors, your flash can help your image to stand out even more. This is particularly the case when your subject has a strong backlight or a harsh downward light. The fill flash will bring light to the areas that are shadowed.
As you can see, there are times when you should use a flash. Is because many photographers do not prefer to use a flash, is no reason for you to be scared of it. Practice using the tips above to figure out when and how to use your flash.
Welcome back to the three-part article on taking sharper images. In this final post, we will discuss one of my favorite ways to take sharp images consistently.
5. Use a remote trigger with a tripod: in photography, the three-legged tripod can be your best friend. Of course, most photographers know what a tripod is and how to use it, but many don’t own one or use one. Using a tripod is a simple way to help you get images that look sharp, as long as you use it correctly. Never buy a cheap $50 tripod from a big box store to use with your expenses DSLR camera. If the tripod cannot hold the weight of your camera, then it is no good because it will constantly loosen or slip. If your tripod is flimsy, it could cause your entire set up to crash to the ground. Do your research and invest in a good tripod. Make sure you get one that is made for photos rather than videos, and that it can hold your camera’s weight. The best ones are carbon fiber tripods that are lightweight, but they can be expensive.
A trigger or shutter release is also a great addition to a tripod. You can get a cheap one that attaches directly to the camera, one that is wireless, or even one that you can program to give you timed exposures and brackets for autoexposure. Of course, the more features you want on your trigger release, the more money you’re going to pay. It is great to have one since it allows you to take photos with your camera without even touching it, thus minimizing camera shake and getting sharper photos. You should also turn on the IS/VR on your lands anytime the camera is set up on a tripod. The IS/VR has a small motor located inside the lens that compensates for camera shake by vibrating. When your camera set up on a tripod, you certainly do not want your lens to vibrate, not even a little
If you follow all the tips that have been giving in these last three articles, you are sure to get photos that are sharp. Continue to practice your photography using these tips every chance you get that you can get sharp photos consistently.
In our latest post about taking sharp images, we discussed manually picking your focus and choosing the right mode to shoot at. In this article, we will continue our discussion on taking sharper images.
3. Use the lowest shutter speed possible: many photographers debate about how slow to set your camera if you’re holding it. Some photographers believe 1/60th of a second, but you will need to figure out what works best for you. If I am shooting with a 300 mm lens, then 1/300 is the speed I shoot at to reduce any blur I may get from camera shake. Some lenses will come with image stabilization, allowing you to change these numbers a bit. You also need to consider how steady your hands are. Anytime you are holding the camera to take your photos, find a stable position, hold your breath, then take the shot.
4. Use the back button focus option: most cameras use the shutter button as a default for focusing. Most DSLR cameras have the option of using back button focusing, though. It is widely debated whether or not in the back button focus is better. It does allow you to separate the shutter button and focus, though, so you can focus with your thumb and take the photo with your forefinger. There are many times that I use back button focus to help me with my photography. When I take a portrait in one the subject to be off center, I feel that using the back button focus helps me to get a sharper picture. It helps me also when I am photographing a target that is moving, or when I am taking photos in low light and need to use a flashlight or other form of light. To me, in these instances, it just is to make things more simple. Switching to back button focus can take time to get used to. Once you learn to do it, though, you will likely never look back.
The next time you take photos, try using these methods to help you get a sharper image. Join me in my next article when I cover the final tip for making your images sharper.
In this three-part series, I will be offering five tips to help you take sharper images.
- Manually pick your focus: most SLR cameras give you the option to select your focal point. This means when you look through the camera, you will see some flashing dots or squares. Those represent your focus spots or zones. You will want to make sure the camera itself does not choose your targeted focusing spot, because it will often choose the wrong thing to focus on. The camera generally pick whichever object is closest, so if your subject is behind another object, you can easily end up with the wrong thing and focus. Look on your camera to find the setting that gives you the option to adjust the focus on your camera. Often times, there will be a joystick or dial on the back of the camera you can use to adjust the focus while looking through the viewfinder. That way, you can choose spot that is most appropriate for focus.
- Choose the right mode for your focus: there are different types of focus modes on most cameras. On a Nikon camera, the modes are AF-A, AF-C, and AF-S. on a Canon camera, your options are Al Servo, AI Focus, and Single one shot. You will need to figure out which one fits the subject you are photographing the best. When you use single mode, or AF-S, the camera will lock in on a single subject until your finger is released from the shutter button. Al Servo, or AF-C, is used for focusing continuously on the subject that is moving. When you push the shutter button halfway down, the camera focused continuously on the moving subject. When you push the button down completely, the focus will lock on the subject you to take the photo. In the Al Focus, or AF-A mode, the camera chooses which focus to use regardless of whether or not the subject is moving.
Using these two tips, you would get a long way in making your images sharper. Join us in our next article we discuss other ways to help your images look sharper.
If you have been in photography much time at all, you have likely heard about the ISO. Do you understand the importance of the ISO, though? Many beginner photographers do not. Well, we will be discussing that here.
In traditional photography, how sensitive the film was to light is called the ISO. You probably remember seeing the ISO on the film if you ever used a film camera. They would typically be rated somewhere between 100 to 800. When you use the lower number, the sensitivity was lower on the film and the grain was finer in the shots you took.
Now, in digital photography, the sensitivity of the image sensor is measured by the ISO. It’s the same principle as an film photography. The lower ISO number you use, the finer the grain and the less sensitive your camera is to light.
When you photograph in a darker situation, it is best to use a higher ISO setting to accomplish faster shutter speeds. For instance, if you are shooting in a lower light situation but want to freeze the action, such as in an indoor sport. Using a higher ISO will give you more noise in your shot, though. This is a sacrifice in photography you have to determine if you want to make are not.
If you’re looking for a crisp shot with little noise or grain, 100 ISO is considered the normal setting.
Most beginning photographers keep their digital cameras on auto so the camera can select the setting for ISO based on the shooting conditions you are in. The camera will try to keep the ISO as low as possible. Many cameras will give you the option to choose your own ISO as well. If you choose your own ISO settings, you will also notice a change in the aperture and shutter speed you will need to get a well exposed shot. The higher you move your ISO, the smaller aperture and the higher shutter speeds will be needed to accomplish a good photograph.
If you’re interested in wildlife photography, there are several things that you need to consider before you go out. Use the tips below to get you on the right path. Before you go out on your wildlife photography expedition, ask yourself these questions:
- Do I need permission or a special permit? Many times, special permits are required to access areas of some national or state parks. This is especially true if the area is considered backcountry environments.
- Where can you park your vehicle? This is a very important factor to know the answer to. You park in an area that is unauthorized, you will likely have a large fine waiting for you or have your vehicle towed. That never makes for a fun day of photography.
- Does the area have any restraints on time? Most parks and natural areas have their own hours of operation. If you’re going to the park to shoot a great sunset, you may find that it is not accessible until after sunrise. Remember, too, that most wildlife tends to be active early in the mornings and late in the evenings.
- What kind of weather should you expect? You should always know what weather to expect before you go on a photo shoot. Keep tabs on the weather throughout the day whenever possible. Never in danger yourself, your camera, or other equipment by going out in bad weather you are not prepared for.
- What time does the sun rise and set? It is imperative to know the answer to this question if you desire to capture a sunrise or sunset. This information also helps you to schedule your shoot so you can reach your location and time and have everything set up.
- What structures, landmarks, and animals are typically photographed in the area? Look online to get ideas of what typically photographed in the area you are visiting. Talk with a park ranger about spots that are less known that you can venture to. That way, you’re not left shooting a scene that has been shot the same way again and again already. This helps your work to be created and set apart from others.
Once you have answered these questions, you are ready to pack up your gear and get ready to go on your wildlife photography adventure. Never go out into the wilderness until you are fully prepared and have let someone else know where you will be at all times.